The Placebo Effect [Infographic]

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The placebo, currently used as a part of medical treatments, is an inert medication prescribed more for mental relief than for actual effect on a disorder. The first documented clinical use of intentionally administered placebos was in 1785. The term placebo originally was used as a derogatory term for false physicians, but is now considered by some to be a vital part of understanding healing in medicine. The true physiological implications of placebos were not understood until the 1970s.

The administration of placebos can produce the placebo effect. This is the result of two factors: conditioning and expectancy. Conditioning is a person’s preconditioned physical and physiological responses to certain stimuli. Expectancy is the cognitive belief that a treatment will be effective.

Placebo cure rates range from 15-72%. Placebo effectiveness is grown by increasing treatment length and physician visits. The color of the pill matters as well. Blue is more effective for sleeping pills and red for pain pills.

The Placebo Mechanism Theory explains the placebo effect in animals, which is thought to be a result of human contact. Dogs with epilepsy who received placebo experienced a 79% decrease in seizure frequency, while 29% showed a reduction of 50% or greater.

Check out the infographic below presented by NursingSchoolHub.com to learn more about the placebo effect.

The Placebo Effect [Infographic] image placebo2


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App Delivers ‘Virtual Placebo’ to Improve Your Health

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Researchers from PlaceboEffect.com are raising funds through Indiegogo to create an app that administers a virtual placebo. No pills, no doctors — just pictures.

Here’s how it works: You begin the experience by choosing which lifestyle aspect you’d like to change — say, quitting smoking or decreasing stress — before scheduling an alarm-like reminder to “take it” each day. Then, you can personalize it further by choosing exactly what you’ll be taking (it doesn’t need to be a picture of a pill)

The whole idea is to create a comfortable “happy place” to achieve the proper effect. With the right mindset, the group says, the act of routinely pressing buttons and watching your smartphone‘s screen will be equivalent to physically swallowing a sugar pill. Read more…

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